Solid fertiliser FAQs

The main advantage of a compound fertiliser is that all the nutrients are contained in each granule or prill.  This means that there is no risk of segregation of the different nutrients during handling or loading as can often occur with blends. Each prill or granule has a uniform size, shape and density which means they can be easily spread uniformly across the whole bout width, unlike blends where there is inevitably a compromise when it come to spreader settings. The advantage of this a much more uniform and even distribution of all the nutrients across the field avoiding under or over fertilisation leading to increases in both crop yield and quality.

Fertiliser spreaders should be checked and calibrated prior to each application season. A separate calibration should be performed for each different grade of fertiliser. Fertiliser spreader manufacturers may supply spreader settings for different grades however these should always be checked with a tray test calibration.

It is advised to keep cattle, horses and ponies or other livestock out of fields and paddocks until granules or prills have fully dissolved and are no longer visible. If sufficient moisture is present fertiliser granules or prills will typically dissolve in 3-4 days, often much sooner, but under dry conditions relying on soil moisture and dew this can take longer. Any spillages especially near gateways or where refilling the spreader could represent a particular risk and should always be cleared up to avoid direct ingestion. 

General information on the best practice for the storage of fertilisers can be found on the Storage of fertilisers webpage and on the Safe use of fertilisers webpage.

Specific information on the legislative requirements when storing ammonium nitrate can be found on the NAMOS regulations webpage.

The AIC have recently published a booklet on The Storage, Handling and Transportation of Ammonium Nitrate-Based Fertilisers which can be downloaded from the AIC website.

All Yara fertilisers are manufactured to high quality standards and most are capable of being spread over 36m however this depends on the spreader being correctly set up and calibrated according to the spreader manufacturers instructions.

Before spreading any fertiliser a tray test must be conducted especially over wider spread widths.

Selenium is not required by plants however it is a vital nutrient for human and animal health. Selenium deficiency in livestock is linked to a number of conditions including reduced fertility, increased mastitis and white muscle disease.

When selenium is included in grassland fertilisers it is taken up by the plant and incorporated into leaf tissues which can then be ingested as either grazed or conserved forage. An advantage of ingesting the selenium in forage is that it is absorbed by the animal more readily than selenium from mineral supplements or boluses which tends to be readily excreted.

Here are the results of several grassland trials and studies showing the effectiveness of increasing selenium levels in forage with selenium containing fertilisers.

The Booster range of grassland fertilisers all contain appropriate rates of selenium with grades available for most situations.

Liquid fertiliser FAQs

Application accuracy allows even fertiliser application across the full working width right up to the headland with no wastage or under application.  Ease of storage and handling, increased efficiency and wider operating windows.

You can use your conventional farm sprayer to apply liquid fertilisers, however you will need to fit suitable nozzles or stream bars.

Yara supply a range of GRP storage tanks.  Delivery can often be very quick and you could be applying liquid fertiliser in a matter of days after deciding to switch to liquid.

For more information please contact a memeber of the liquid fertiliser sales team.

If a tank is sited according to the industry code there is no need to bund liquid fertiliser tanks, although bunding is a sensible precaution where possible. Yara area managers will be happy to advise on tank installations.  

A wide range of crop protection products and micronutrients can be tank mixed with Yara foliar liquid fertilisers - Chafer Nufol and Chafer Nufol + S.

Details of compatible tank mixes can be found at or with Yara's TankmixIT app.

Micronutrient fertiliser FAQs

It is often hard to diagnose a micronutrient deficiency in the field as often a crop may be struggling with a deficiency before symptoms are visible.

If you suspect a micronutrient deficiency the Yara CheckIT app or the deficiency webpages within each crop section on this site can be used to compare any symptoms with libraries of deficiency photographs.

The only certain way to diagnose or confirm a micronutrient deficiency is to send a tissue sample for laboratory analysis. Yara Analytical Services offer a full range of soil, leaf, petiole fruit and water analyses and if needed can also offer a 24 hour service for tissue analysis.

YaraVita micronutrients can be tank mixed with a wide range of crop protection products. Full details of all compatible tank mixes can be found using the Yara TankmixIT app and at

If a specific tank mix test is needed this can be requested online and if the test products are in stock can usually be conducted within 24h.

Toolbox FAQs

The latest model N-Tester will give you a variety specific nitrogen recommendation in the field. Yara recommend using the N-Tester on winter wheat and winter barley at GS 37-39 to help fine tune the final nitrogen application.

All the latest variety calibrations are built in and can be accessed via the menus. If needed the latest calibrations can be downloaded and installed from the Yara website.

Find more information on the Yara N-Tester

The N-Tester measures the leaf chlorophyll content and uses this to determine the nitrogen content.  This is different from 'free nitrate' which is nitrogen that has been taken up by the plant and stored in the leaf but not yet incorporated into protein.

The N-Tester stock currently not available in Malaysia, if you are interested we will have to request for shipment from Europe and will determine the price based on current market currency.
Please send an email to and we will be in touch

The N-Tester variety recommendations are updated every year to include newer varieties as more calibration data becomes available.

The latest N-Tester variety recommendations for winter wheat, winter barley, triticale and rye can be downloaded from the N-Tester page.

For the newer model there is a link to download the latest software version and for older models there is a link to download an excel worksheet.

There is no link between the N-Tester reading and the level of nitrogen (Nufol) to apply for protein. The N-Tester is aimed at providing a recommendation for final nitrogen applications to achieve optimum yield.

What the N-Tester will do with continued monitoring is tell you how much nitrogen the crop is able to pick up and will help identify what is happening in the plant. The most important starting point for achieving milling protein spec is to get the nitrogen right for yield. Wheat crops remobilise nitrogen from the leaves to the grain during flowering, but this does not start until mid-flowering, therefore if, through weekly N-Tester reading, you identify levels of nitrogen in the plant falling prior to this time, it can help to identify shortages in nitrogen which will need to be rectified prior to applying the Nufol for protein. As this is likely to be beyond the GS45 cutoff, the absolute recommendation will not be relevant, however something would be beneficial to ensure the crop is optimally fed.

If the nitrogen levels continue to increase, or remain flat, then you can be more confident of optimal nitrogen rates, and therefore just go with the standard Nufol application at the standard timing.

The N-Tester has only been calibrated in the UK for use on winter cereals - winter wheat and winter barley as well as winter oats and winter rye - On these crops can be used to determine the nitrogen status of the plant and from this a variety specific nitrogen recommendation can be calculated.

In theory N-Tester could be used on any plant to measure the chlorophyll content of the leaf and as such could be a useful management tool, however, no other crop calibrations exist so these would need to be developed locally by the user and any recommendations would need to be confirmed by locally conducted trials.

Fertiliser quality FAQs

Over the years Yara has conducted a number of surveys investigating the quality of blended fertilizer products available to farmers in the UK. Results continue to show a significant percentage of analysis failing to meet statutory declared levels and that bags are underweight.

Yara has always set the standard for quality with Yara’s bags of granular and prilled complex compounds branded with the YaraMila™ logo, the quality mark guaranteeing the product is a ‘true uniform compound’.

To quote a phrase we have used for many years to describe Yara products:
“What’s on the bag is in the bag!”

This is the third time Yara have undertaken this survey and unfortunately the results haven’t changed. Our results show a significant cause for concern with the quality of blended fertilisers. 

How was the research undertaken? 

We bought several tonnes of 23 different blended fertilisers. Bags were selected at random. Each product was sampled, weighed and its packaging audited by an independent expert. Yara’s blended fertiliser was included in the tests and bags were similarly selected at random. Everything was tested and analysed by an independent auditor to secure accurate results. 

What was tested? 

Nutrient analysis – all bags of fertiliser carry a declaration of its contents. We were testing to see if what was stated on the bag, was actually in the bag. 

Weight – you buy a quantity of fertiliser and trust that that is what you receive, so we wanted to check the weight of the bags. 

Packaging – the durability of the bags was tested to see how rugged they were. 

Traceability – can your fertiliser be traced back to the raw material source? 

What were the results? 

64% of bags didn’t contain the nutrients stated on the bag 

36% bags tested were underweight 

46% bags had inappropriate packaging 

59% bags couldn’t be traced to source

What does this mean for you? 

We all want a good deal and you no doubt shop around to make your money go further. But the best deal is not always the cheapest. Unfortunately, our results show that you may be buying a blended fertiliser that under-delivers in the following ways: 

  • You rely on the nutrient declaration stated on the bag. What if that’s incorrect and you’re applying the wrong nutrients to your crops? You could be sacrificing crop quality and yield. 
  • You may be overpaying for your fertiliser because you’re being short-changed on the quantity of fertiliser actually in the bag. 
  • If the packaging isn’t thick enough, you may end up losing fertiliser through bags ripping too easily or water getting in. High quality packaging protects your investment. 
  • Traceable fertiliser keeps us all safe, and increases the quality of fertiliser. If you know what’s going in to making it, you know what you’re putting on your field. 

A cheap fertiliser, can end up being quite expensive. With Yara, quality is guaranteed: 

  • We produce our own fertiliser so everything is traceable to source and we know exactly what we’re putting into our bags 
  • We’ve heavily invested in technology to monitor how much we’re putting into our bags, removing dust and debris and blending the right quantity of nutrients. 
  • Our bags are highly durable to protect your fertiliser so you suffer no wastage.


Further information on the latest survey can be found on the blended fertiliser quality webpage.